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English Mastiff - What You Need to Know

Updated: Oct 24, 2023

English Mastiff adult male with English Mastiff puppy female
Bane + Daughter


The English Mastiff is one of the largest dog breeds, known for its imposing physical appearance and gentle demeanor. In this article, we will discuss the characteristics, personality traits, history, health, grooming needs, and comparisons to other breeds of English Mastiffs.

Physical Characteristics of the English Mastiff

English Mastiffs are massive dogs that can weigh between 120-230 pounds and stand at a height of 27-30 inches at the shoulder. Their coats are short, dense, and come in a variety of colors, including fawn, apricot, and brindle. They have large heads, droopy jowls, and wrinkled foreheads, making them a unique-looking breed.

Personality Traits of the English Mastiff

Despite their imposing physical appearance, English Mastiffs are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and protective nature. They are affectionate and gentle with their families but can be wary of strangers. They are also patient and calm, making them great family pets.

History of the English Mastiff

The history of the English Mastiff can be traced back to ancient times, where they were used as fighting dogs and to guard livestock. They were brought to Europe by Phoenician traders and became popular in England during the Middle Ages. Throughout history, Mastiffs have played an important role in battles, wars, and even served as personal bodyguards. Notable Mastiffs include the famous Zorba, who was recorded as the heaviest dog ever recorded, weighing in at 343 pounds.

Health and Grooming of the English Mastiff

As with any breed of dog, English Mastiffs are prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia, bloat, and heart problems. Regular vet check-ups, proper diet, and exercise are essential in maintaining their overall health. English Mastiffs have short coats that require minimal grooming, but regular brushing is necessary to keep their coats healthy and shiny.

Comparisons to Other Breeds

English Mastiffs share some similarities with other large breeds, such as the Great Dane and Saint Bernard. However, Mastiffs are known for their protective nature and loyalty to their families, setting them apart from other giant breeds.

In conclusion, the English Mastiff is a majestic breed that has captured the hearts of many dog lovers worldwide. With their imposing physical appearance and gentle demeanor, they make excellent family pets for those willing to invest time, effort, and resources into proper training, exercise, and diet. By understanding their unique characteristics, history, and health needs, prospective owners can make informed decisions when considering adding an English Mastiff to their family.

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